The duration of the effect of marijuana is directly related to the speed of the metabolic process in the body. So today we’re going to look at the answers to the most asked questions are the effects of long term marijuana use, positive effects of marijuana, and medicinal marijuana side effects
The common effects of marijuana?
Marijuana is considered an easy drug, a “harmless” way to relax with friends. Smoking cannabis is often the first stepping stone to addiction, as psychological tolerance to one type of drug spreads to others over time.
Marijuana is used medically for certain illnesses, such as Parkinson’s disease, to relieve nausea during chemotherapy, and to relieve chronic pain. In other cases, the substance provokes that unwise use will lead to addiction.
Marijuana is a psychoactive substance created from dried hemp leaves. The cannabinoids in the leaves have a narcotic effect on the brain.
The sensations of taking marijuana are mixed. The most common behavioral effect is a decrease in psychomotor activity. This effect is determined by the size of the dose: the larger it is, the more tangible this effect is. The overall impairment of motor activity is pervasive and is characterized as a state of relaxation and sedation.
When a person smokes a marijuana cigarette (“joint”), he usually feels its effects within a few minutes. The immediate sensations are heart palpitations, impaired movement coordination, a drowsy unreal state of consciousness, and the peak of the sensation within the first 30 minutes. These short-term effects of marijuana usually subside within 2-3 hours. Some marijuana users feel agitated this time, with accelerated speech, detailed talk, and chatter.
And when it comes to marijuana long-term effects, it leads to partial impairments in cognitive function, learning, and memory, perception of the environment, motivation, coordination of movement, and pain sensation. In an adolescent, regular marijuana smoking can cause cognitive impairment and varying degrees of self-isolation from social, family, and school life. So you must be careful with the use of this product because the long-term effects of marijuana have consequences for the body.
If we talk about marijuana’s effects on the brain, three areas are affected by marijuana, causing absolute relaxation or fear and panic, depending on the dose and type of weed.
These effects are more common during the initial phase of smoking, followed by a more traditional buzz. Smokers then always experience a transition to the relaxation phase. Moreover, in addition to feelings, smokers testify to increased sensations. Many smokers, for example, describe an increased sensitivity to touch, vision (especially color perception), hearing, and smell.
But there are also marijuana side effects. What are the effects on the human brain and psyche even after the first use? The next morning after “dabbling” you should expect:
- A heaviness in the muscles;
- A depressed mood;
- Deterioration in performance;
- Possible cough, dry throat.
- Feeling of hunger.
Finally, other studies prove a decreased sensitivity to pain after smoking marijuana. Accompanying the feelings of relaxation and impairment of motor activity is a dramatic deterioration in some areas of psychomotor perception. Dysfunction of motor coordination, perception of external impulses, and the ability to observe an external object depend on the size of the dose.
Marijuana effects on the respiratory system
Smoking is the most popular and accessible way to use marijuana, so the question of the effects of cannabis on the human respiratory system has always remained one of the most important aspects of use. The study showed a very unexpected result: it turns out that those who only smoked marijuana had slightly larger lung volumes than those who didn’t smoke at all. Scientists attribute this to the fact that we are used to holding our breath when smoking marijuana and holding the smoke in for a long time (supposedly this has a greater effect). Increased lung volume is a good thing.
The subject of the effect of marijuana on the occurrence of lung cancer requires a separate consecration. Research on this topic is extremely difficult to carry out, because almost all marijuana smokers mix it with tobacco, or just smoke cigarettes separately. So there is always the possibility that the disease is caused by tobacco.
Doctors have not found a direct link between lung cancer and marijuana. And the chances of a cannabis smoker and a non-smoker getting sick are the same. Marijuana has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties: it probably prevents cancer cells from developing. In addition, there is no “second-hand smoke” in smoking cannabis as there is in smoking tobacco, where harm is caused not only to the user but also to those around him.
Marijuana effects on the circulatory system
Speaking of how marijuana is related to the body’s circulatory system (that is, in addition to the heart, one must also consider the effects of a particular substance on the health of the various blood vessels, from the main arteries to the tiny capillaries). Any malfunction in the body’s circulatory system can lead to extremely serious and often fatal consequences: heart muscle disease can lead to organ failure when the body encounters serious stress, while blockage and rupture of a small vessel in the head can lead to an abrupt and fatal hemorrhage in the brain.
Studies on the effects of cannabis use on the heart and circulatory health (more specifically, researchers have measured the effects of cannabis use on elevated blood cholesterol levels, the development of diabetes symptoms, and the body’s gain of excess weight) report that none of the work studied could provide a strong enough case demonstrating a link between the plant and an increased risk of heart attack or stroke. The only thing scientists have been able to establish is that cannabis can have a beneficial effect on circulatory health, allowing the body to burn excess fat stores faster.
Marijuana effects on the central nervous system
It is known that the activity of the human central nervous system is controlled by the so-called endocannabinoid system. Neurons release specific substances, which influence signal transmission between cells. The intermediaries are special protein molecules – cannabinoid receptors.
The pathological effect of marijuana on the human brain is nothing more than a myth. At the same time, experts confirm that there are no substances in cannabis, which can cause apathy, decreased motivation. We should say separately about the effect of cannabis on the ability to perceive and remember new information. Reversible short-term memory difficulties may occur if the recommended dose is exceeded during acute intoxication, but thereafter all functions are fully restored. There is no data on the effects of cannabis on the central nervous system, so the deleterious effects of cannabis on thinking and concentration are also just another myth.
Marijuana affects on immune system
As a result of clinical trials, cannabinoids were found to have an anti-inflammatory effect, that is, to block the immune system’s response to infections and viruses. This fact supports the theory that cannabis suppresses the immune system and therefore reduces the body’s ability to resist pathogens.